How to Do Basic Eye Shadow?

Learn how to apply basic eyeshadow step by step.

1. Prepare your eyelids with primer or concealer.
2. Choose a light shade for the base, a slightly darker shade for the crease, and a shimmery shade for the eyelid.

3. Apply the base shade all over the eyelid.

4. Define the crease with the darker shade.

5. Add the shimmer shade to the eyelid.

6. Blend the colors together for a seamless look.

7. Apply eyeliner and mascara.

apply the eyeshadow

What is in Eye Shadow?

Eye shadow typically consists of the following 6 components.


Base Ingredients

These form the foundation of the eye shadow, helping to give it texture and hold the other components together. Examples of base ingredients can include talc, mica, or silica.



These ingredients help to bind the eyeshadow particles together, ensuring that the product stays intact and adheres to the eyelids. Binders can include ingredients such as oils, waxes, or polymers.


Slip Agents

These components help to create a smooth and easy application of the eye shadow. They can include ingredients like dimethicone or cyclomethicone, which provide a silky texture.



These ingredients help to add moisture and smoothness to the eye shadow, making it easy to blend and preventing it from drying out. Emollients can include ingredients like oils, glycerin, or silicones.



These are responsible for the color of the eyeshadow. Pigments can be either natural (derived from minerals or plants) or synthetic (created in a lab). They provide the desired shades and finishes, such as matte, shimmer, or metallic.



These are included in eye shadow formulations to prevent the growth of bacteria and prolong the shelf life of the product. Common preservatives used in cosmetics can include parabens, phenoxyethanol, or potassium sorbate.

FAQs on Eyeshadow & Eye Makeup

Smokey eye makeup is a dramatic look that involves blending shades of dark eye shadow (usually black or gray) onto the eyelids and along the lower lash line. It creates a smoldering, smoky effect that adds depth and intensity to the eyes.

Cut crease eye makeup is a technique that creates a defined line in the crease of the eyelid to accentuate the eye shape. It involves using a contrasting color or a slightly darker shade to carve out a distinct crease line, resulting in a sharp and defined eye look.

For blue eyes, warm tones such as copper, peach, and bronze can enhance the blue color. Purple and cool-toned shades like silver or navy can also make blue eyes pop.

For brown eyes, earthy tones like bronze, gold, and warm browns work well. Deep purples, greens, and blues can also make brown eyes stand out.

For hazel eyes, shades that complement both green and brown undertones can work, such as warm browns, purples, and greens. Experimenting with different shades can help enhance the unique color of hazel eyes.

For green eyes, purples and plums can create a lovely contrast. Copper, bronze, and gold shades can also enhance the green tones. Earthy tones like brown and taupe can add depth to green eyes as well.

Eye shadow primer is used as a base to prep the eyelids before applying eye shadow. It helps to create a smooth surface, improve color payoff, prevent creasing, and make the eye shadow last longer.

piles of eyeshadow in different colors